- All societies must perform certain functions if they are to survive.
- All societies have values.
- The values will result in a priority ranking of functional requirements.
- Internal changes in the socio-cultural system and the impact of external socio-cultural systems will also affect the priority ranking of functional requirements.
- Each of the functional requirements is met by certain positions or statuses – that is, by the role associated with particular statuses.
- In societies of a large size with a division of labor the various positions or statuses demand varying degrees of knowledge and responsibility.
- Those positions that require the most knowledge and responsbility will be considered most important for the fulfillment of a given functional requirement.
- In order to fill these positions with individudual and to motivate the individuals to perform the roles associated with the positions differential regards must be given.
- This results in inequality in a society – that is, social stratification.
- The prestige of a given position (general, archbishop, business executive, president of a university) will also depend in part on which of the functional requirements is considered to be most important at a given time.
*an attempt to integrate the contributions of Bernard Barber, Wilbert E. Moore and Kingsley Davis with concept of priority ranking of functional requirements.
NOTE: received the above from Prof. Robert Bohlke while attending American International College. A great teacher; there is now an award in his memory.